Author Topic: Study, Dec/21:Medicare medic'n coverage expansion - effects on benzo use & cost  (Read 199 times)

[Buddie]

The full title of this American study is "Impact of Medicare prescription drug (Part D) coverage expansion on utilisation and financial burden of benzodiazepines among older adults: an interrupted time series analysis".

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34911718/

 Abstract

Objective: Benzodiazepines were excluded from Medicare Part D coverage since its introduction in 2006. Part D expanded coverage for benzodiazepines in 2013. The objective was to examine the impact of Medicare Part D coverage expansion on the utilisation and financial burden of benzodiazepines in older adults.

Design: Interrupted time series with a control group.

Setting: Nationally representative sample.

Participants: 53 150 468 users of benzodiazepines and 21 749 749 users of non-benzodiazepines (an alternative therapy) from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey between the pre-expansion (2006-2012) and post-expansion (2013-2017) periods.

Intervention: Medicare Part D coverage expansion on benzodiazepines.

Primary and secondary outcome measures: Annual rate of benzodiazepines and non-benzodiazepines, average number of benzodiazepines and non-benzodiazepines and average cost of benzodiazepines and non-benzodiazepines.

Results: After Medicare Part D coverage expansion, the level of the annual rate of benzodiazepines increased by 8.20% (95% CI: 6.07% to 10.32%) and the trend decreased by 1.03% each year (95% CI: -1.77% to -0.29%). The trend of the annual rate of non-benzodiazepines decreased by 0.72% each year (95% CI: -1.11% to -0.33%). For the average number of benzodiazepines, the level increased by 0.67 (95% CI: 0.52 to 0.82) and the trend decreased by 0.10 each year (95% CI: -0.15 to -0.05). For the average number of non-benzodiazepines, the level decreased by 0.11 (95% CI: -0.21 to -0.01) and the trend decreased by 0.04 each year (95% CI: -0.08 to -0.01). No significant level and trend changes were identified for the average cost of benzodiazepines and non-benzodiazepines.

Conclusions: After Medicare Part D coverage expansion, there was a sudden increase in the utilisation of benzodiazepines and a decreasing trend in the long-term. The increase in the utilisation of benzodiazepines did not add a financial burden to older adults. As an alternative therapy, the utilisation of non-benzodiazepines decreased following the coverage expansion.


Full Study:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8679099/
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